Criminal Justice Essay Paper on Critical Infrastructure

Criminal Justice

Critical Infrastructure

Communities rely on critical infrastructure networks, systems, and assets that should  be secured for a community’s social and economic well being. Hence, collective responsibility is important in helping to identify and control the risks that might affect such critical aspects in the society. This can be done by identifying priorities of the community, define clear goals, frequent evaluation of progress on effect of the infrastructure since their establishments. It will help in sensitizing the community on the importance of this infrastructure and thus involving them in the progress plans for a better community. This paper describes how professionals in this field can work with the local and national government to protect critical infrastructure by hardening possibility of attacks in vulnerable target areas.

The Power and Lighting Company is one of the critical infrastructures, not only to surrounding residents of Widens town but also to the whole state. In the twenty first century, electricity is a basic aspect in the lives of people; other than basic lighting and cooking in homes, it also relied upon to run critical machines in hospitals that support life, lighting on the streets in town for security. Communication lines and Internet services would go off without this source of power. Power black outs have always been a loophole for crime activities in this town, I have witnessed chaos, criminal activities including theft in shopping malls when there is black out, major crime scenes of terrorism, and bank robbers take advantage of this because security is undermined without facilities such as the security cameras. The power and lighting company, generates its electricity from geothermal power. A dry season where water is scarce becomes a low season for the company’s business forcing them to ration the power.

Installations of power lines that were done years ago are now depreciated hence multiple breakdowns that cause lapses in the power supply. This is the only company that provides electricity for the whole state, thus working as a monopoly for this part of the nation. I suppose the management of the power company has relaxed knowing they have no competing company in the business, everything is under their control hence cannot be easily wiped off the business; this undermines the quality of services they offer to their clients. Power being an essential in a community, it is prone to targets by malicious individuals therefore efforts need to be combined to prevent this and reduce the vulnerability of attacks. (Baker, 2009)

Mitigation of these identified risks in the company would require partnering of major administrative organizations which includes the local government, the local community of people living in the identified vulnerable area; attack on this company directly affects the community. To prevent the risks, there are several approaches that can be used in such a circumstance, to protect critical infrastructure. (Baker, 2009)

Upgrading the equipment used by the power and lighting company is important. The power generators at the company premises, the supply lines should be secured; systems in the company offices that control supply must be professionally secured to take care of the malicious computer wizards who might hack into the systems to gain control. Other critical areas are the power transformers, transmitters, and electricity lines that run in town and estates. This is the main target that especially thugs use to cause black outs, the local government should provide security for such equipment with help of locals who can call the relevant authority in case they spot unusual activity. Back up facilities are also important in case of failure. (Marks, 2013)

Federal government should consult with local governments involving locals near critical infrastructure to help identify the risks in time and work towards mitigating them. These infrastructures are valuable aspects that should be properly secured to benefit the nation as a whole.

References

Baker, G (2009). Vulnerability Assessment Methodology: Journal of James Madison University.

Marks, K. (2013) Partnering for Critical Infrastructure and Security: National Infrastructure

                Protection Plan; Homeland Security