Causes and Effects of Battles of Lexington and Concord

Causes and Effects of Battles of Lexington and Concord

There are causes and effects of battles of Lexington and Concord. However, the increasing tension between colonists in North America in mid-Atlantic region as well as Great Britain area led to British regulations and restrictions was the major cause. The colonists felt that they were being treated badly as second class in the British dynasty. Time passed by, distance and arrogance grew between both sides as they sought to reach a peaceful resolution but to no success. In the end, the colonists felt that there was no other way our but to fight at the battle of Lexington and Concord in 1775.

What were the causes and effects of battles of Lexington and Concord?

Communication problems  

There was a long lag in communication between England and American making negotiation on issues that were of major concern to colonialists. It therefore became quite difficult to formulate and carry out proper discussions especially when the British government treated their counterparts with less than full citizenship of Britain.

The status therefore became quite obvious during Indian and French War, when soldiers from America found out that their advice did not have any credibility compared to that of British soldiers. American soldiers were not paid with the same rate as British military. The contempt of British towards the colonists fermented to a desire for full-fledged citizenship and freedom from mother country as time passed by.

British acts

There were unrest among the colonists and as time went by, John Hancock, James Otis and Samuel Adams from England responded with laws that were more restrictive including Stamp Act for sugar and Townshend Acts. Every newspaper and any other paper that the colonists purchased were taxed. The colonists declined to abide by the laws and by the time England repealed, the colonists had lost their trust in the British government.

England was more than determined to force the American colonists to pay for not obeying British laws. Their determination angered the colonists and adding to the unrests was the Quartering Act that required the colonists to house British Soldiers and provide other essential amenities. The tension grew and exploded into Boston Massacre of 1770. During the protest, soldiers fired on the colonists killing five people.

Boston tea party

The other cause and effect of the battles of Lexington and Concord was the Boston tea party. When Dartmouth arrived in Boston filled with tea in 1773, the sons of liberty disguised themselves as Native Americans and dumped the tea into the harbor but harmed no one. England reacted by closing the harbor and their approach deprived locals of the work they needed to support their families. This further motivated colonists to become militia men and more than ready to fight for their independence.

British March

General Gage ordered for the destruction of illegal military supplies at Concord by 700 men under the leadership of Lieutenant Colonel Francis Smith. They were also to arrest John Hancock and Lexington on their way back. As a result, a march towards Lexington and Concord emerged and became a rallying voice or cry with men including Samuel Prescott, William Dawes and Paul Revere as they rode in warning. American colonists were no longer willing to allow British men to take away their rights as that of free born citizens. On their way they met regulars from the British, they engaged each other and shots were fired leading to the American Revolution.

Causes and effects of the battles of Lexington and Concord and aftermath

During the day of the fight, the colonists did not show any marksmanship. 3,500 men fired constantly for 18miles killing and wounding about 250 redcoats compared to 90 who were killed and wounded on the other side. Nonetheless, they proved that they could be the most powerful military across the globe. News spread quickly to London and many other states on May 28. By the beginning of the following summer, a full blown war of Independence had already broken out.

A confrontation occurred at town green in Lexington April 19, 1775, kicking off a series of battles and the American Revolution war. The colonists emerged winners of their independence.


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