Best Essay Writing Service on Leadership & Management & Motivation

Leadership & Management & Motivation

Case 1

            Martin Luther King, Jr in his speech was opposed to U.S involvement in Vietnam War and he believed that a time had come to talk about it. Being a civil right activist and a pastor, he led moral protests against the war, as he believed it would break the betrayal of his silence and protect people from civil injustices and policies of violence. Ethics guide moral principles in a given society (Brown, 2009). Kant gives different perspectives of ethical practice by individuals in a society. Such perspectives show how an individual should act while engaging in the right action for the good of a greater society.

            Martin Luther’s position on Vietnam War was an ethical obligation in line with Kant’s perspective of ethics. Ethical obligation involves drawing a line between right and wrong by making a concrete decision on the course of action to take (Wood, 1999). Martin made a decision to criticize America over Vietnam War and organized protests despite receiving a Nobel Peace Price. He knew it was the right decision to make and questioned the rationale of the government protecting the locals and killing the foreigners.

            Ethical utilitarianism requires that right actions should lead to greatest amount of good for many. Martin’s stand is a reflection of this principle. He said a rational universe where domestic moral is in mix with foreign wicked does not work in people’s feelings. The government should do what is right and benefits the greater society and not being just to its citizen while oppressive to non-citizens.

            Having ethical altruism values means living for others, that is, helping others at the expense of self-interest (Wood, 1999). Martin Luther, Jr felt compassion to liberate the victims of war and to stop sufferings faced by Vietnamese. King was obliged to take a tough stand on the war for protection of different citizens and peaceful coexistence by virtue of his leadership position. Leaders therefore, should follow ethical codes in exercising their authority.

Case 2

            An organizational culture drives the performance of different systems (Miller & Katz, 2002). There should be a positive and all inclusive and progressive culture in an organization for effective and efficient operations that are result oriented. As a CEO, I would set a list of options of diversity and inclusion programs to tackle the problem of existing culture of exclusion. It is important to create awareness of importance of all-inclusive culture in an organization and operational environment through effective communication. This will assist in developing more focused individuals, teams, and groups.

            In a position of a CEO, I would manage existing negative attitudes and biases among employees in a process of decision making through developing talents and involving employees in processes of decision making at different operational levels. This will foster understanding of importance of inclusion and positive attitudes among employees and therefore lead to the greater benefit of the organization.

            Employee motivation is important in solving attitudes of culture of non-inclusion in important organizational decisions and internal relations. Motivation reduces factors that lead to formation of negative informal groups that creates exclusions. Such groups belong to particular categories of individuals therefore are meant to exclude others (Miller & Katz, 2002). On the other hand, training employees on the benefits of working together with focused attitudes towards achieving individual and organizational goals is also necessary in solving culture of exclusion. Employees become aware of their intents, effect of their actions, and understand the need to make behavioral choices that are more conscious and all inclusive.


Brown, A. (2009). Martin and the disinherited: Martin Luther King Jr.’s philosophical foundations and the influence of Howard Thurman. Ann Harbor, MA: Proquest LLC.

Miller, F. A., & Katz, J. H. (2002). The inclusion breakthrough: Unleashing the real power of diversity. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler.

Wood, A. W. (1999). Kant’s ethical thought. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.