Best Essay Service Management Paper on Tokyo Global City Profile

Tokyo Global City Profile

Introduction

With globalization, there have been increased production and trade activities across the universe. In the event, cities have continued to thrive and develop over the past centuries with some developing at a faster pace in comparison to others to match the ever-changing human environment. With the advancement, production and trade has continually become complex, thereby requiring specialized services, stable economy, and proper networking among other factors that entails what a city is. The idea of ranking cities across the world by GaWC has continually drawn attention from across the divide. A global city according to Sassen (2013) refers to a city that has specialized production and financial services, and thereby contributing to the running of the global economy. Identifying and categorizing the cities as global cities has been a controversial topic among many scholars and city planners. In this paper, I argue and point out various factors that make Tokyo a global city classified under alpha city by GaWC rankings.

Tokyo Economic Base

The strong economic base in Tokyo is an obvious factor that puts Tokyo in the list of global cities. With a population of over 37 million and economic output of nearly 1.3 trillion dollars annually, Tokyo proves to have a strong economic base even to top the words renowned cities (Premier Investment Corporation, 2013). The Tokyo economic bloc comprises Yokohama, Chiba, and Kawasaki (Premier Investment Corporation, 2013). This base forms the foundation of manufacturing activities in Tokyo for various industries. In addition to diverse manufacturing activities, the region as a result has attracted development in various sectors, which include the transport sector, administrative sector, and even the housing sector to accommodate the ever-growing population in Tokyo (Iyoda, 2010). All these attributes of good infrastructure, diverse manufacturing industry, and the city’s location, which has attracted various forms of trade activities with the entire world makes Tokyo a global city. With the number of activities going on in Tokyo, the population has continued to grow and by the year 2012, the city had a population of over 37 million (Premier Investment Corporation, 2013). According to Florida (2011), Tokyo city boasts of excellent industries that boost innovation, thereby contributing significantly to Tokyo and Japanese economy. According to the Overview of Tokyo Economy (2011), Tokyo city contribute up to a third of the japans economy. Tokyo acts as a business hub for the entire Asia and the world at large. With communities comes culture and demographic patterns in cities making demography and cultural studies an important factor used in categorizing and ranking world cities.

Tokyo Culture and Demographic Patterns

Culture and demographic patterns of people living in a city can also be used to determine whether a city is in the category of global cities. Tokyo is one of the greatest world cities that have a unique cultural background and practices. In Tokyo, people participate in various historical and artistic cultural practices, which set it apart from the other entire world famous cities (World Cities Culture Forum, 2014). The role the society in Tokyo play in Tokyo’s traditions is significantly great. Whereas the entire world view Tokyo as an ultra modern city with sky crappers and advanced technology, Tokyo has always remained to the center of Japanese culture. The people living in Tokyo embrace both modern and traditional cultural practices, which are evident from the city’s plan, and the people’s positive attitude towards historical cultural practices (World Cities Culture Forum, 2014). For instance, the historical Japanese food culture is still embraced in Tokyo, the sushi bars are open around the city. Moreover, the modern aspect of Tokyo culture is evident from the districts within the city, by each district having its own culture (World Cities Culture Forum, 2014). In addition, culture is plays a great role in economic development (Mayor of London, 2012) and hence has helped strengthen the Tokyo’s economy by innovations and creativity. Although Tokyo is not a multicultural city, its openness and willingness to accommodate other cultures makes the city a world best city.   

Tokyo city population was approximately 13.159 million in the year 2010 as per the census. With children, working age, and the aged population constituting, 11.4%, 68.2%, and 20.4% respectively (Tokyo Metropolitan Government, 2010). The population demographics of the working age in Tokyo and other parts of Japan are seen to be decreasing considering the aging population. A census carried out in 2005 reveled that the daytime population is 1.2 times higher than the nighttime pollution in Tokyo (Tokyo Metropolitan Government, 2010). This clear reveals that Tokyo is a 24-hour economy town, which puts in on the alpha+ category of cities across the world. In Tokyo metropolitan, a higher percentage of the working class lives in Tokyo, followed by Kanagawa and Saltama (Tokyo Metropolitan Government, 2010). The demographic population of Tokyo reveals that a higher percentage of 77.4% of the working class is employed in tertiary industries, which include commerce and transport services among others (Tokyo Metropolitan Government, 2010). The secondary sector follows at 18.7% and then primary at 0.4%. Generally, the employment rate in Tokyo is high and thus contribution positively to the Tokyo economy making Tokyo worth the ranking in the global cities list.

Political significance

Tokyo has been the political and administration center for Japan since time immemorial. Tokyo hosts most of the political administration headquarters of Japan and thus politics plays a significant role in Tokyo city. Having political and administration headquarters in Tokyo has been one major contributor to growth and development. The political basis of Tokyo has been viewed by the outside world to play a significant role in making Tokyo a global city. The policies passed by the metropolitan government have been geared towards development of the city and thus placing Tokyo as a world center of commerce and production activities. For instance, for the past few years, the policy makers have come up with a few policies and measures that support commerce and avoid restriction of trade between Tokyo and the entire world. The policies put by the political government of Tokyo have thus played a great role towards contributing to Tokyo economy. The political ideologies in Tokyo have been geared towards development thereby having positive impacts on Tokyo development as a global city.

Informality and migration in Tokyo

Advanced economies across the world normally have one major problem of informality and immigration. The city of Tokyo also faces similar challenges just like other advanced cities like New York and London. With a lot of commercial and industrial activities going on in Tokyo, the chances of the city experiencing influx of people looking for jobs is much high and therefore may lead to the rise of informal settlements in the city. A problem that is always characterized with low income or poverty rates in a city for according to scholars; there always exist a link between migration and informality. The numbers of immigrants crossing boarders in search of greener pastures normally result in problems of informality since most of the immigrants do not follow the laid out procedure by the constitution to ensure government planning. According to the United Nations Department of Economic And Social Affairs, (2011), the number of poor people is continually growing in big cities. This requires proper planning which include housing and improved infrastructure. In Tokyo however, the number of the poor people is not as high as other developing cities and the policies have enable proper planning in the city. Even though migration causes influx in the cities, rural urban migration seems to play a significant role majorly in labor supply in the Tokyo metropolitan considering the aging population in Tokyo. Despite the population size and structure in Tokyo, Tokyo is one modern city with advanced technology and infrastructure, which include housing and water systems among others to accommodate its population thus making Tokyo an alpha + city in the word.

Tokyo’s history and future projections

Tokyo is one major city in the world that has had credible journey in development both economically and culturally. Characterized with both natural calamities and effects of war, the economy of Tokyo town has grown to beat the odds and become one city with strong economic base around the world. The future of Tokyo town is however, at risk considering the increasing number of aging population and less immigration recorded over the past few years. According to the (United Nations, 2014), mega cities like Tokyo are more likely to experience stagnant economic growth in the coming years. Even though the projections shows that Tokyo’s economy may remain stagnant in the nearing future, proper policies put in place will enable the city stay on top as a global city in the world.

Summary

In summary, the ranking of Tokyo city as an alpha+ city by the GaWC is worth. However, the city has continually grown to record a strong economy above London and New York over the past few years. As a result, an individual may argue that it should be on the top most ranking of GaWC. Strong economies always form the basic feature of ranking global cities. Tokyo boasts of a strong economical base characterized by manufacturing industry, commerce, and far much-developed infrastructure. Tokyo city also provides a central hub for several political and administration across Japan. Thus has contributed greatly to Japan being ranked as global city considering the infrastructural developments that come along with central administrations. The city’s culture has played a significant role in development of Tokyo city. Even though Tokyo is not a multicultural city, its openness to accommodate other cultures has made it a good commercial city for foreign investors thus contributing greatly to globalization of trade placing the city in the ranks of global cities. Tokyo like any other developed city faces problems of immigration and informality, however, Tokyo as a city has put in place measures that help in ensuring its residents have improved and quality services making Tokyo a global city in the world.

References

Florida, R. (2011). The 25 Most Economically Powerful Cities in the World. The Atlantic Citylab. Retrieved from http://www.citylab.com/work/2011/09/25-most-economically-powerful-cities-world/109/

Iyoda, M. (2010). Postwar Japanese economy: Lessons of economic growth and the bubble economy. New York: Springer.

Mayor of London, (2012). World Cities Culture Report. Retrieved from http://www.london.gov.uk/sites/default/files/WorldCitiesCultureReport.pdf

Overview of Tokyo Economy, (2011). Tokyo Is The Hub Of Japan Economic Activities. Retrieved from http://www.sangyo-rodo.metro.tokyo.jp/monthly/sangyo/graphic/2011nen/overview-e.pdf

Premier Investment Corporation, (2013). Tokyo Position in Global and Japanese Economy. Retrieved from http://www.pic-reit.co.jp/en/outline/japan2.html

Sassen, S. (2013). The Global City: New York, London, Tokyo. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Tokyo Metropolitan Government. (2010). Tokyo History, Geography and Population. Retrieved from http://www.metro.tokyo.jp/ENGLISH/PROFILE/overview03.htm

United Nations Department Of Economic And Social Affairs, (2011). Population Distribution, Urbanization, Internal Migration, and Development: An International Perspective. Retrieved from http://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/PopDistribUrbanization/PopulationDistributionUrbanization.pdf

United Nations. (2014). World Urbanization Prospects. The 2014 revision highlights. Retrieved from http://esa.un.org/unpd/wup/Highlights/WUP2014-Highlights.pdf

World Cities Culture Forum. (2014). The Uniqueness of Tokyo Culture Lies in The Fact That So Many People Participate In It As Equal. Retrieved from http://www.worldcitiescultureforum.com/cities/tokyo