NTSB Identification: LAX02LA153
While some of the aircraft accidents happen from the human errors, some are due to climatic reasons. Investigations carried to establish the cause of the accidents indicated that both the human errors and the environmental changes contributed to this crash. In this case, human errors are decisional-based, perceptional and lack of adequate skills to respond to the emergencies. On the other hand, the environmental faults include windy conditions, difficult terrains and poor visibility. From these observations, aircraft research centers have suggested different methodologies that could be useful in preventing the emergence of these errors. Training of the pilots in the flight simulators have been highlighted as one of the active means that could apply to curb these challenges.
Real time training ensures that the performance variability behaviors are reduced, therefore, improving the entire system predictability. Still, aviation environmental will expose the pilot trainees to difference sizes of the airline, varying operational styles and responses to equipment failure. These skills will generate reliable experience to the pilots, hence helping them in making sound judgments in the real world incidences.
This paper evaluates how skill-based errors along the environmental hindrances could be causative to the aircraft accidents in the different regions of the world. This objective is achieved through the study of flight crash that emerged at aircraft training base located in Green Valley, AZ involving Cessna 172M.
At the daylight time of May 8th, 2002, a flash crash occurred at Green Valley; training strip located in Arizona, involving Cessna 172M aircraft. The registration information of this aircraft was stored in the Docket Management System (DMS). This aircraft was operated by Cessna Aircrafts, a corporation that is situated in Arizona.
In this tragedy, the investigation body utilized the secondary information sources to determine the possible origin of the accident rather than walking at the actual site where the accident occurred. In the investigative study, the research committee established the aircraft impacted a terrain of an aborted land that was lying adjacent to the runways. The pilot explained that the plane was trying to attain full stop landing, unfortunately, losing the altitude due to the downdraft eventually crashing the ground heavily. An extensive investigation indicated that the pilot failed to retract the flaps after realizing that the plane failed to execute the destined landing point, and instead accelerated with the right turn along the runway. In failing to climb rising terrain, the airplane ended in impacting this region. A similar report was given by the second pilot, adding that the engine mechanism was normally operating. From the ground levels, the airplane required takeoff power that would help in overcoming the gravitational pull of 5,500 feet msl. However, police officers from the Tucson Airport Police Base indicated that the occasional variations of winds from south, west and east was above 10 miles per hour. With the high-density altitudes and prevailing windy condition, it would be cumbersome for this airplane to take off. The combination of these hindrances caused the airplane to crash the ground heavily, causing injuries to one minor while the pilot remained uninjured.
NTBS investigators realized that the pilot lacked ample skills to maneuver the helicopter. Looking at the system dynamic, the pilot would have acted quickly to prevent the crushing of this aircraft. It would be ironical for an experienced pilot to make action mode errors by overlooking the safety measures that would be essential in this situation. Moreover, the pilot made an active error for failing to interpret both the climatic changes and a routine error of making a wrong turn in the direction of a rising terrain in an aborted land. In either way, there is the urge to implement periodical evaluations of the pilots in the simulated environment where they are bound to experience some of these setbacks and learn skills on how to overcome them in real life.
From this analysis, it emerged that human errors in decision-making and environmental reasons are prevalent to the occurrence of the accident. The pilot folded in the circumstance where he was supposed to make critical decisions. In order to prevent future incidences, pilots should be reevaluated to acquire essential skills to become reliable in the operating aircrafts. This review should occur in the simulated environment where learners will have hands-on skills and eventually full mastery of their professionalism.