Assignment Writing Help on Types of Head Injuries and Complications

Types of Head Injuries and Complications

The severity of a head injury is dependent on the force used to instill pain. There are two types of head injuries; primary and secondary head injuries. Primary injuries are caused by direct force applied to any part of the head, while a secondary injury occurs by application of force to a head with some prior complication or injury, thus worsening the situation. The major issue related with a head injuries occurs when the brain, skull, or face are injured. The complications that can occur due to these head injuries are highlighted hereunder.

Head Injury Complications

The most common complication for a head injury is headaches and migraines, insomnia, cognitive decline, coma, and depression. Seizures occur within the first 24 hours after the head injury to signify a brain injury. Others that can occur are brain infections that can cause meningitis, Hydrocephalus, which can cause ataxia, impaired consciousness, or incontinence. Other complications are Deep vein thrombosis which is a clot occurring in the brain caused by damaged vascular veins. It can cause ischemic strokes. Gastrointestinal and genitourinary complications, gait abnormalities, and agitation.  

Safety Measures

During playtime such as riding bikes or skateboards, children can wear helmets to protect their heads(Perry, Hockenberry, Lowdermilk & Wilson 354). Children should also be discouraged from climbing high surfaces where they are vulnerable to fall, or avoiding stairs. In the event that a child hurts his head, the parents should take them for immediate checkup by a qualified doctor to detect any symptoms related to head or brain damage. Finally, parents and teachers should designate zones or toys that children can use safely and which have child protection safety guards.

Works Cited

Perry, E. Shannon, Hockenberry, J. Marilyn, Lowdermilk, L. Deitra & Wilson, David. Maternal and child nursing care, (5th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier. 2013. Print.