Assignment Writing Help on Terrorism

Terrorism

Determining Terrorists Motives

The attempt to determine what drives individuals to terrorism is a complex task. It should be noted that, rebels are not expected to volunteer and subjects of experiments, and getting to examine their acts from afar can result to erroneous consequences. Therefore, in determining the terrorists’ motive it is more important to examine the psychology of an individual rather that the sociological impact of the group (Solomon, Greenberg & Pyszczynski, 1991). The psychology of becoming a member of terrorism groups various in accordance with a group’s topology. An individual who intends to become a member of an anarchistic or a Marxist Leninist grouping is not expected to depend on any communal support but just the communal opprobrium. Conversely, one who intends to join an ethnic separatist group may depend on social support (Hudson & Majeska, 1999).

According to Crenshaw (2000), people normally become terrorists so as to be able to join terrorist groupings and engage in terrorism activities. Becoming a member of a terrorist group offers then a sense of innovatory bravery and self worth that they initially did not have as individuals. How a terrorist reasons is normally characterised by what is referred to as terrorist psycho logic. Rebels do not gladly turn to terrorist acts as an intentional choice. Instead, they are usually driven to take part in terrorism as a result of psychological pressures and that their individual psycho logic is meant to rationalize activities that they are psychologically obligated to do (Crenshaw, 2000). The majority of the effective form of terrorist acts normally originates from the individuals who are bred to be hateful. For these kinds of individuals, rehabilitation is almost impossible for the reason that animosity is in them and past from parent to child.

There is a difference between rebels that have the intent of obliterating their own community and these whose acts of terrorism perform the mission of their fathers. For some individuals, becoming rebels is an act of revenge for existent and illusory harms against the community which their close relatives belong to. For some, it is an attempt to revenge against the community for the harms done to their close relatives (Pyszczynski, Solomon & Greenberg, 2003). Individuals who are more susceptible to terrorist enrolment as well as radicalization have a tendency of feeling angry, and identify themselves with distinguished casualties of the social injustice that they tend to fight. These individuals have the belief that taking part in violence acts against the nation is not morally wrong. They also suppose that taking part in a movement gives them social as well as psychological benefits that include adventure, comradeship as well as a heighted sense of distinctiveness (Moghaddam & Marsella, 2003)

It is more important to examine how individuals transform as a consequence of taking part in terrorism instead of simply asking why they take part in such acts in the first place. This is for the reason that, asking why is likely to give in the ideological answers, whilst asking how discloses vital information concerning the procedure of joining the group, involvement as well as departing from such groups (Crenshaw, 1981). These kinds of information normally assist in creating plausible interventions. Individual terrorists normally come from a specific, at danger population that have suffered from initial harm of their self-esteem. Their subsequent political acts could be compatible with the moderate social beliefs of their folks, though goes beyond their insight of the contradiction in their folk’s beliefs as well as lack of social acts (Moghaddam & Marsella, 2003).

References

Crenshaw, M. (1981). The causes of terrorism. Comparative politics, 379-399.

Crenshaw, M. (2000). The psychology of terrorism: An agenda for the 21st century. Political Psychology, 21(2), 405-420.

Hudson, R. A., & Majeska, M. (1999). The sociology and psychology of terrorism: Who becomes a terrorist and why?. Washington, DC: Library of Congress.

Moghaddam, F.M. & Marsella, A.J. (Ed.). (2003). Understanding Terrorism: Psychosocial Roots, Consequences and Interventions. Washington, DC: APA.

Pyszczynski, T.A., Solomon, S. & Greenberg, J. (2003). In the Wake of 911: The Psychology of Terror. Washington, DC: APA.

Solomon, S., Greenberg, J., & Pyszczynski, T. (1991). A terror management theory of social behavior: The psychological functions of self-esteem and cultural worldviews. Advances in experimental social psychology, 24, 93-159.