Assignment Writing Help on Cold Stress

Cold Stress

Cold stress is caused by extreme cold weather conditions in the work place environment. These conditions pose health risks to susceptible people such as outdoor workers, people without shelter and those exposed to areas without heat. Cold stress usually varies among different countries globally. For example, areas with freezing temperatures can lead to serious health issues. The various types of cold stress are: Hypothermia, frostbite, trench foot, and chilblains among others (Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014). Hypothermia is caused as a result of extreme low body temperatures making the affected person unable to think clearly. Initial symptoms of include confusion, fatigue, shivering and loss of coordination. On the other hand, slowed breathing, dilated pupils and loss of consciousness characterize late symptoms. Removing the victim’s wet clothing is one of the immediate first aid techniques that can be used.  

Frostbite cold stress is as a result of body injury caused by freezing. It usually affects the fingers, ears, nose cheeks or toes and causes lose of feeling in affected areas. Some of the symptoms include aching, numbness, reduced blood flow and waxy skin (OSHA, 2014). Trench foot is caused when the feet are exposed to prolonged cold conditions making it to lose a lot of heat. Leg cramps, swelling, blisters, bleeding and reddening are some symptoms associated with this condition. Removing wet shoes or socks is one preventive measure for this condition. Chilblains results from repeated skin exposure to temperatures above freezing and is characterized by itching, redness and inflammation on affected areas (Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014). Generally, preventive measures of cold stress are wearing appropriate clothing with several layers that provides the body with better insulation, moving into warm areas during work breaks and avoiding touching cold surfaces with bare hands, feet or skin.  

References

Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (2014, December 4). Workplace Safety & Health Topics. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/coldstress/

OSHA (2014, July 1). Occupational Safety & Health Administration. Retrieved from https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/emergencypreparedness/guides/cold.html