Assignment Writing Help on Child Suicide Bombers

Child Suicide Bombers

Research design

There is a growing significance to explore the root causes of suicidal bombing and the factors that motivate participants to volunteer in suicide missions. Children, have for a long time been continually used to accomplish dirty suicidal missions in armed conflicts. Although this deliberate involvement of children in suicidal bombing is criticized by both international human rights and children’s rights institutions, ISIS disregards efforts by these institutions to protect fundamental children’s rights particularly that pertaining to life (Skaine, 2013). Similarly, children are prone to manipulative recruitment after being convinced that they would be able to avenge for the friends and family members killed by Israeli military. Literature has further shown that economic issues that particularly involve growing cases of poverty can motivate children to volunteer in suicidal missions as they are always paid huge amounts of money that they think can be used to salvage their relations from their poor situations. The fact that such recruitments are founded on radicalization in religion; children may as well be convinced to volunteer in suicidal activities as way of accomplishing the divine requirements of perpetuating the “common good” of the wider society. On this note, it is important to establish whether religious, social, and economic factors contribute to participants’ voluntary engagement in suicidal missions (Galletta, 2013).

There are significant variables that will be included in this inquiry to establish reasons for weaponry and the factors that motivate participants to volunteer in suicidal missions. Economic, social, and religious factors will be the independent variables while voluntary participation in suicidal missions will be the dependent variable (Andrade, 2015). Literature suggests that there is a significant link between growing cases of poverty and willful engagement in suicidal missions among children from poor families. While these children are often paid a huge amounts of money after accomplishing a single suicidal mission, they hope that participating in repeated missions can help to generate enough money that they can use to salvage their relations from poverty. Without these economic benefits, children may resist recruitment into such missions or even report such plots by the militia groups to the state authorities. Similarly, there is a significant link between religious factors and voluntary participation in suicidal missions. Islamic militia groups often incline religious teachings on topics that can easily influence children to voluntarily participate in suicidal missions (Skaine, 2013). Children may for example be taught about the need to sacrifice their lives, just like past martyrs, to promote the wellbeing of the wider society. Social factors equally have a direct relationship with voluntary participation in suicidal missions. Children may be convinced that taking part in suicidal missions will help them to avenge for their family members’ or friends deaths. Children may as well be recruited into these missions by their peers who may convince them about the various benefits that they can reap (Galletta, 2013).

Certain factors may interfere with the internal validity of this inquiry. Unforeseen factors that include coercion by militia members may contribute to provision of biased or false information. Children may for example be forced to lie about their participation in suicidal missions and instead claim that they may have been forcefully accused. Face validity may as well be of significant concern in this study. While this study will be guided by the assumption that social, economic and religious factors contribute to the issue at hand, one or more of these factors may not have contributed to children’s voluntary participation in suicidal missions (Skaine, 2013). This may particularly be the case if children participating in the study are from wealthy Christian families. In order to address this situation, the researcher will ensure that the children participating in the study are from poor Islamic backgrounds, including those from Christian families but have received strong Islamic teachings. He will also ensure that proper investigation is undertaken to confirm that responses given by the participants are not influenced by any external factor (Andrade, 2015).

Reliability is also an important aspect in this research as it can ensure that similar results are attainable if a similar inquiry is repeated. Maintaining reliability in the current study is crucial to ensure that the wider scientific community will accept the proposed hypothesis. To avoid implications associated with reliability, a test-retest approach will be employed to allow for the re-administration of a similar test after a given period of time (Timothy, 2009). This will ensure that stability of the inquiry is enhanced, which would in return ensure that similar results are achieved if such an inquiry is repeated. Parallel forms strategy will also be employed to enhance reliability in this study. This will particularly include employing distinct versions of the same assessment tool to establish whether similar results will be obtained. For this study, the different versions for the study will include interviews and questionnaires. Individuals participating in oral interviews will be responding to similar questions as those responded to in the study questionnaires (Skaine, 2013).

Certain ethical implications may arise from this inquiry, which demands for significant consideration to ensure that legal and ethical obligations are maintained. Engaging families whose children are affiliated with suicidal missions may expose them to significant security threats that may ultimately lead to loss of life and properties (Timothy, 2009). Participation in this inquiry may also expose such families to investigations by the police, which may eventually lead to ultimate imprisonment. To avoid these implications, the researcher will ensure that confidentiality is maintained by using any information gathered for academic purposes only. Participants will also be assured that third parties that may perpetuate such ethical and legal implications are not allowed to participate in the study (Galletta, 2013).

A mixed study design that integrates both the qualitative and quantitative data collection procedures will be used to guide this inquiry. The design will be beneficial in the study as it will enable the researcher to employ multiple perspectives to explore the issue in question. The specific strategy that will be employed in this inquiry is the sequential explanatory where a collection and subsequent analysis of quantitative information will be succeeded by the collection and subsequent analysis of qualitative information (Timothy, 2009). This approach will ensure that qualitative outcomes can help to effectively explain the quantitative findings. The mixed method design will ensure that the researcher is able to access in-depth as well as contextualized data thereby being able to better understand the issue at hand. Although scholars argue that experimental design is suitable in scientific inquiry, it will not be applicable in this study as it might trigger certain ethical and legal implications. Using this design approach may for example demand for a group of children to be entice into voluntary suicide missions after which they would attain social, economic and religious benefits. This would in return be unethical as it might lead to loss of life and violation of national security (Andrade, 2015).

The sample population for this inquiry will include incarcerated children that may have been captured while trying to accomplish a suicidal mission and put in juvenile detention centers. This sample will be indentified from five juvenile detention centers in Palestine. Inclusion criteria to participate in this study will include children aged below eighteen years, captured while undergoing training or in the process of accomplishing a suicidal mission, is a Muslim or any other religious affiliation but have received strong Islamic religious teachings and detained in any of the five selected juvenile detention centers in Palestine (Skaine, 2013). Sixty detained children will selected from each of the study locations to take part in the study. The children will be assured that any information provided will remain confidential and will not be used for any nonacademic purpose. These will then be issued with questionnaires and later engaged in oral interviews. Police officers in each detention center will also be engaged in this inquiry so as to help provide information from the criminal justice system perspective (Timothy, 2009).

The collected data will then be analyzed using qualitative and quantitative approaches. This will mainly include reading through all the study materials to establish whether rational responses have been offered. Data will then be coded and interpreted using the SPSS software program (Galletta, 2013).

Conclusion

Undertaking the current investigation is important, as it will help to respond to the criminal justice issue at hand by aiding to investigate the root reasons for weaponry as well as the motivating factors that lead participants to engage in voluntary suicidal missions. The central benefit for this inquiry is to help confirm whether social, economic and religious factors are responsible for perpetuating voluntary participation in suicidal bombing. An important lesson that could be learnt from this inquiry is that poverty, which is a key economic issue triggers children’s voluntary engagement in suicidal missions. This is because children hope to generate enough money to be able to salvage their relatives from severe states of poverty. Social factors that mainly include the need to protect family members from being punished as a result of children’s refusal to accomplish suicidal missions as well as the desire to avenge for their friends’ and relatives’ deaths encourages children to voluntarily engage in suicidal missions. Religious teachings, which are often biased, influence children’s decision to voluntarily engage in suicidal missions. Findings of this inquiry can be beneficial within the criminal justice context as it can help the criminal justice system to come up with effective ideas pertaining to how the insecurity issue at hand can be addressed. They can as well influence policy content by allowing for the integration of important procedures that can be used to eradicate poverty as well as abolish biased religious foundations that may lead to violation of national security.

References

Andrade, R. (2015). Ethical Issues in Research: Study Design and Publication-Worthiness as a Case Point, Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 57(1):89-112.

Galletta, A. (2013). Mastering the Semi-Structured Interview and Beyond: From Research Design to Analysis and Publication, New York: New York University Press.

Newman, I. (2012). Qualitative-Quantitative Research Methodology: Exploring the Interactive Continuum, Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press. 

Skaine, R. (2013). Suicide Warfare: Culture, the Military, and the Individual as a Weapon, Westport, CT: Praeger.

Timothy, E. (2009). Towards a Guide for Novice Researchers on Research Methodology: Review and Proposed Methods, Issues in Informing Science & Information Technology, 6(3):23-89.