Anthropology Sample Essay on Many Kinds of The Universes and None Require God

Many Kinds of The Universes and None Require God

             Hawking, a renowned mathematician, scientist, and salesman, is known to have never harbored any religious inclination all through his working life. His popularity is based on his controversial ideas and theories, that the creation of the universe does not need a supreme being or a god. He argues that the universe was not created by any God or gods, but out of the laws of physics that occur naturally. He supports his argument by quoting the assertions of the Greeks that the explanation of nature does not depend on the desires of a supreme being, but rather by the laws of nature. He goes further to prove his argument by   saying that even the Copernicus found out that the earth is not at the center of the universe. He further postulates   that the findings of the Greek and the Copernicus opened a new chapter and it signaled the beginning of modern science and   opened the way for the solar system, the galaxy and the universe to be explained fully. He further uses the 20th century quantum physics, which deals with the way things behave, at the level of the atomic and sub-atomic to forge his argument step higher.                                                                                                                Hawking says that it is because of spontaneous creation that there is something rather than nothing. He states that the universe came into existence based on the Big Bang and not through the intervention of a being that is supreme or gods. In his book the Grand Design, he has come up with theories that show that a creator was not required for the universe to exist. He strongly contests what Sir Isaac Newton said. He had said that there was a possibility that the universe was created by God or out of chaos. Hawking says that Newton’s belief received a setback, when in 1992, a planet was observed going round a star rather than the sun. He adds that since there is a law as gravity, it is possible for the universe to come out of nothing. He adds that it is a success when human beings who are themselves a collection of important particles got from nature are, able to understand the laws that govern them and the universe in general. He came up with the M-theory, which he says, Einstein unsuccessfully tried to achieve. The M-theory says that there is no single universe but  billions of them and the earth is one of the planets of the universe .He says that out of  the billions of universe, of which no single one required God so that it could exist.                                                                                                                                                                                                      All this information is contained in his recent book called the Grand Design, which was published in September 2014.He asks three main questions and answers them: why do human beings exist? Why is there something instead of nothing? In addition, why does this particular set of laws govern our universe and not some other set? He adds that some of these questions are answered by looking at the big number of universes that exist. He also says that when these universes are studied, some of them have the qualities that make life exist just by chance.                                                                                                                                    His views are so different from the ones that most people and their societies hold dear. Most people all over the world use religion to explain how the universe and all the other creatures came into being. There is no way one can mention religion without mentioning a supreme being or some other gods. This is the reason as to why most people use religions to explain the creation of all things including the universe (Mifflin 2012).                                                              There are a number of creation myths that try to explain how the universe came into being and they regarded as sacred because they involve a supreme being or gods. People are so much inseparable from religion because it is part of their life. When explaining supernatural happenings creation being one of them, they invoke the powers of a Supreme Being or god or gods. For instance, in India there is a thin line between Indians and Hindu or Buddhist because religion is there way of life Indians belief that the universe does not have the beginning or its end it is as their God is. The creation of the universe has been one of the most critical questions that mankind has been trying to unravel (Vandever and Pendleton 2014). The explanations are diverse: spiritual, scientific, philosophical and even theological. However, the religious explanation holds substantial weight because it has authority and supernatural power. Religion forms part of the human behavior therefore, it cannot be left out when explaining mysteries. They are rooted in the folk culture. (Terry 2014).                                                                                      

            Every community in the whole world has a myth on how the world came into existence, and religion and a supreme being cannot be separated from it. Majority of the people believe that there was a person who was powerful that the ordinary human beings who made the universe and that is the reason as to why their myths have similarities with the creation story in the Bible. These cultures do believe that the creation myths are true to different degrees. They are regarded as carrying very important truths, which cannot be ignored or be taken for granted. These myths explain how the universe was ordered from the chaotic nature, which was by involving a supernatural being. These creation stories answer questions that have a deeper meaning in the society.

References Cited

Houghton, M. 2002 The American Heritage Idioms Dictionary. Houghton Mifflin Company.

Vandever and Pendleton 2014 The Creation Myths.

Terry, J. (2014) The creation of the Universe. Http://Buzz.com.Latest accessed. January 2014.