Personal Approach to Child Guidance
When looking at child guidance, I approach it with the feeling that the child has the right to be given the best guidance that I am able to manage. This is determined by the kind of guidance that is required by the child. I have always been guided by the principle that children have their personal feelings, likes, dislikes and emotions. This is well manifested in different situations, whether in the class or at home. I have to establish what the child is feeling about certain pertinent issues about him or her. Child guidance is founded on various principles that have been highlighted by child guidance theorists. The theories are instrumental in making sure that the child is accorded the best guidance that is related to his or her issues. My personal approach to child guidance is controlled by the principles that have been put forward by three theorists: Jean Piaget, Rudolf Dreikurs and Alfred Adler.
One of the personal approaches that I apply is fostering the development of mutual respect between the child and me. This has been identified as one of the best approaches since it ensures the creation of trust between people who have mutual respect for one another. It is one of the principles highlighted by Adler in his child guidance theory. It is important that a guardian should identify that the child is a human being with a right of equality that cannot be alienated. This is an implication that the child has the right to be respected. In this regard, I usually make inquiries with the child about what he or she likes and hates. I would never go into areas that upset the child. Besides, I will also inform the child on his or her expectations. In this way, we are able to create a relationship that heavily dwells on respect for one another. This kind of relationship is rewarding and can result into the positive development of the minor.
I also try to encourage the child to strive at achieving things or goals that seem unachievable or impossible to accomplish. This is also another principle highlighted by Adler in his theory. This strategy has proven to be successful in giving the child an assurance that I have faith in and respect for him or her. This has also been established to be instrumental in instilling positive behavior on the children. This can be attributed to the observation that children have the tendency of engaging in destructive behavior after being discouraged or made to believe that they cannot be successful through the right avenues. It implies that the encouragement is critical in making sure that the child develops successfully, develops a high level of self esteem and adopts a constructive behavior when growing up.
In offering child guidance, I also tend to integrate the theory that humans are social beings and have the fundamental desire of belonging. This is among the principles outlined by Dreikurs. I try to view children as people who are motivated to belong to particular groups. It is my role to make sure that children get the motivation to belong to constructive and positive groupings, and not those that are likely to foster negative behaviors on children. I accomplish this by informing the children on the dangers of associations with bad company.
I believe that children are able to make their own decisions based on the lives that they want to lead. However, these decisions are heavily impacted by the company that the children keep. It should be noted that children come from backgrounds and homes that can negatively influence their behaviors. I have the duty of making sure that despite the backgrounds or the homes that the children come from, the role of positively influencing their lives is properly executed.
Since I handle children between the ages of five and nine years old, I have to acknowledge the fact that the children have started thinking symbolically and am very egocentric, considering that they view things from their own perspectives. However, as they approach seven years, they start to think logically based on the experiences that they go through in life. Jean Piaget argues that these children are between the ages of preoperational stage and full operational stage. This age is quite sensitive, and is where the children will take up behaviors that may reflect on their entire lives. It is in this regard that I tend to encourage the children to adopt positively inclined behaviors that are likely to give meaning to their lives. This stage is also important in making sure that the children’s translation of events and experiences is not selfish and that their behaviors and decisions affect other people.
I try to teach the children that they should take responsibility for their actions. I encourage those with problems in changing their selfish attitudes to view things from the perspective of other peoples who are affected by their actions and behaviors. This is important in making sure that the children are given guidance that will help in instilling positive behavior and approach in the lives in future.
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